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How to start Poultry farming, Benefits and Key facts

  Posted on Feb 19,2020

Poultry farming is considerably doing well despite all challenges in the Nigerian Market and this is a field that is highly profitable and sustainable in the volatile Nigerian Market.

Poultry farming is defined as rearing different types of domestic birds commercially for meat, egg and feather production.

As said earlier, Poultry farming can be profitable but people fail due to lack of management know-how and feasible business plan.

We will give a breakdown of some key aspects of poultry farming that is vital to its profitability.


Major benefits of Poultry farming 


Low capital outlay to start

Poultry farming doesn’t require high capital for starting as the major inputs needed are quite in-expensive like Day old broilersPullets, housing, feeders, drinkers and feeds.

You can also consistently make use of fixed inputs like Feeders, Housing, and drinkers and so on for a long while before replacing them, giving you enough time to make a profit and realise capital for investing back to the business.


High-profit margins over a short time

Due to the short maturity period for broilers and other birds, you can easily make your profits after at least 8 weeks of rearing broilers as they would have attained the minimum market weight of 2kg and above. This can be achieved with proper management routine and well-administered vaccination program against diseases.


Low space use 

Poultry farming doesn’t need a high space requirement unless you are going really large scale, you can easily rear them in your backyard or make use of cages to improve ventilation in case your backyard is a bit deprived of air circulation due to natural barriers or buildings.

It is also a known fact that broilers perform better at high altitudes so you as well go for cages to manage space and as well as improve their management conditions.


Low management maintenance

The high cost of maintenance is not required in poultry fixed inputs like structures, feeders, drinkers, brooder guards and so on. You can also prevent illness and diseases by following the vaccination program provided by the company or e-commerce platform where you bought the broilers or you can go for other birds that are more resistant to diseases like Noilers, Turkeys and cockerels.

Please note that broilers breed like Noilers and Cockerels have a longer maturity period of 4-6 months and are best suited for free-range management system compared to other broilers like Agrited Ross, Cobb 500, Arbor Acres plus and others who have been genetically modified for high meat yield and shorter maturity period.


Here is a brief breakdown below of different management systems for birds.


Maturity period

Management system


Resistance level to disease



Intensive care system

Live market sales, frozen foods and other meat processing needs

Low resistance to disease if not properly managed



Semi-intensive/intensive care system

Live market sales and frozen foods

Good resistance but needs proper management care


4-5 months

Semi-intensive to intensive depending on end-product requirements

Live market sales and eggs

High resistance but needs proper care to ensure high growth yield.


6 months

 Free-range system

Live market sales


High resistance with less  need for close care


3-18 months depending on end products requirements

Intensive care system

Can be sold at point of lay or reared for egg production.

Good resistance but needs proper management care


High National demand

Poultry farming provides fresh and nutritious meat for various consumers all over Nigeria, from restaurants to parties, from households to frozen foods outlets and large shopping malls like Shoprite among others.

It is preferred due to its nutrients and uses for various consumer-level products like roasted chicken, peppered chicken, and smoked chicken and chicken suya among others.

Easily accessible inputs

The Nigerian market in terms of inputs for Poultry farming is fully loaded and accessible through different market levels from Importers/producers to Wholesalers and retailers.

The emergence of Agritech and internet penetration has improved the accessibility of these inputs through online shopping platforms for Agro-allied products.

These platforms also provide technical know-how and support for farmers who want to start up on poultry farming or any other aspects of Livestock.

In conclusion, for Poultry business starters and experienced farmers, the market both on the demand and supply side has fully matured to ensure easy set-up and control of Poultry farming and agriculture in general.


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